Cannabidiol or CBD is the second most commonly found Cannabinoid in the Cannabis (Marijuana) plant. It has garnered a lot of attention ever since October 2018, when it gained legality to be used for recreational and medical use by the federal Cannabis Act. It is now widely used as an active ingredient in cosmetics, healthcare products, caffeine, and other edibles due to its non-intoxicating property.
It is proven to have various physical as well as mental health benefits including relief from chronic pain, anxiety, and neurodegenerative disorder; improved sleep, focus, and cardiovascular health and respite from various skin problems. It is getting more popular as a health supplement for overall wellness since it is safe, affordable, and natural.
Despite the growing popularity, there is still some amount of misinformation around CBD, which prompts the need for a more educational and reliable guide for an average consumer. The cannabis section on Leaf Nation takes it up in detail.
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If you too are considering using CBD as a health supplement, you must first acquaint yourself with the important facts concerning CBD that will help you choose better.
Given below are six important facts about CBD that you must commit to heart before using it.
1. The Legality of CBD
The laws governing cannabis around the world vary in the areas of possession, distribution, cultivation, consumption, and what medical conditions it can be used to treat. Although the Federal Cannabis Act of 2018 legalized the use of CBD for recreational and medical use, it cannot be considered as “absolute” legalization. It is important to note that hemp-derived CBD is the only type of CBD that is legal in most of the United States and other parts of the world whereas the CBD derived from the marijuana plant is mostly illegal as the cultivation of the marijuana plant itself is illegal in most parts of the world. It is legal only in states where medical and adult-use cannabis is permitted. Even in states where it is legal, the possession of cannabis is in clear violation of federal laws since it is included in the ‘Class A’ drug federally.
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2. CBD and Intoxication
Despite its widespread use in medicine, there is still a lot of misinformation around CBD as an intoxicating drug. Contrary to popular belief, CBD is non-intoxicating though it does have psychoactive effects. It is psychoactive in the sense that it has moderating effects on anxiety, stress, pain, appetite, memory, seizures, and other brain activities. It works with THC to give what is known as the “entourage effect” that acts on the central nervous system of the body. CBD’s most well-known psychoactive effect is the calming sensation it has on the mind that helps to fight problems of stress, anxiety, and depression. On the other hand, THC though psychoactive, can leave some users partially impaired for some time and hence is considered intoxicating.
3. Effectiveness of CBD with Other Cannabis Compound
A study conducted by the Hebrew University of Israel states that whole-plant CBD had a superior therapeutic value to single-molecule CBD extract. Hence, we can say that CBD works better when combined with the other Cannabis compounds. When CBD is combined with THC, it creates an “entourage effect” that produces a stronger effect on the body. A little THC when added with CBD allows it to work more effectively at lower doses. Some studies even show that CBD has the ability to minimize the undesirable effects of THC, including paranoia and cognitive impairment.
4. The Types of CBD Available in Market
There are various types and formulas of CBD available in the market. They can be broadly classified as:-
a. CBD Isolate- CBD isolate products only contain CBD from the cannabis plant. There are no other compounds present. It is useful if you want to try CBD without ingesting any of the psychoactive compounds. CBD-only products can help a person to gauge the effectiveness of the CBD itself without interference from other substances and compounds.
b. Broad-spectrum CBD- It contains a range of naturally occurring compounds from the cannabis plant, such as CBC, CBN, or terpenes such as myrcene, limonene, or pinene, but typically no tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, some products will contain trace quantities. Broad-spectrum CBD falls somewhere between full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate.
c.Full-Spectrum CBD- Full-spectrum products contain the same compounds as broad-spectrum products. However, they usually also contain low quantities of THC, usually under 0.3% as mandated by federal law. This amount of THC is not enough to create the ‘high’ effect that many people associate with cannabis. Because full-spectrum CBD contains other compounds, including THC, the previously mentioned ‘entourage effect’ may increase its effects.
The way we consume CBD not only changes the onset of its effects, but how long they last too. If you are looking for more advice or products, check out cbd oil UK.
5. The Ideal CBD Dosage
Like all other wellness products, the dose of CBD is subjective to an individual’s needs and medical condition. There are numerous factors that go into deciding the right dose of CBD that includes age, weight, metabolism, medication (if any), etc. Despite the conditions, it is safe to start with a mild dose of 20-40 grams per day and gradually increase as your body adapts to its consumption. Some people take as low as 1 mg and others take much higher, up to 100 mg. Depending on the strength of the product you are using, this could be anywhere from a few drops to several milliliters of oil. It could also involve anywhere from 1 – 5 capsules or gummies per dose.
6.The Side-effects of CBD
Despite the various benefits it offers, CBD can have side effects on some people. The severity and type differ from person to person and some people may not have any. The side effects include anxiety, changes in appetite and mood, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, nausea, and vomiting. According to the American Academy of Paediatrics, pregnant women or women who are breast-feeding should not consume CBD. It can also interact with certain medications therefore it is important to consult your doctor before consuming or using CBD.
This detailed guide will ensure that you savour the benefits of CBD to the most with minimal risk.